The Jerusalem Cross is a symbol that looks like a Teutonic cross, with four small Greek crosses in the corners of the angles between the arms of the cross. It has been used as a symbol of Jesus’ command to spread the word to all people. The cross is called the consequent evangelisasionskors or mission cross. It is not to be confused with the Lorraine cross, which has also been called the “Jerusalem cross”
The name Jerusalem Cross comes from the fact that it was used in the coat of arms for the Christian crusader kingdom of Jerusalem . This weapon has the uvanlige composition with a figure in gold (yellow) on silver base. The composition is included as a separate field in the coat of arms for some princes and genera descended from kings crusader kingdom. The color combination gold and silver are part of Christian lyssymbolik and found, inter alia, the tabs on the Bayeux Tapestry , the Vatican flag and North Trøndelags landscape weapons.
Jerusalem cross is the official symbol of the grave Knight Order .
It was the first time in 1099 by the Crusaders Godfrey of Bouillon used as a coat of arms. He was since 1089 Duke of Lower Lorraine (corresponding to today’s Flemish part of Belgium) and one of the leaders of the First Crusade and founded the Kingdom of Jerusalem , as was his regent the title Protector of the Holy Sepulchre (he wore the royal title yet). He made ??the emblem of the Duchy of Bouillon , Belgian crutch cross with four additional Greek crosses , the symbol and the state coat of arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. There it was used in gold on silver up from 1291. In the 14th Century the cross in red paint was King Giorgi V the beam ends to 15 Century to the flag of Georgia . The most noble Jerusalem pilgrims to the Holy grave knights were chosen beaten it in the 14th Century also their emblem, similar to the canons of the Holy grave.
In the 19th Century, the Jerusalem cross (in the original golden form) as a sign of Wingolf . 1898 founded Kaiser Wilhelm II after his trip to Palestine a Jerusalem Cross said Order. In the Weimar Republic took over (according to the Wingolf) the Evangelical Church in Germany, the Jerusalem Cross as a church flag, as many communities refused to flags the Republican black-red-gold. Today, the Jerusalem Cross is a logo of the German Lutheran Church and the German Association of the Holy Land used. Since January 2004, a red Jerusalem Cross is again the flag of Georgia .
In the city of Jerusalem itself, the Jerusalem Cross is at least as visible as the emblem of the city . Especially the churches of the city like to use this subject, since they were mostly built by the Crusaders. Similarly, we find the Jerusalem cross in the crusader fortress in Akko . Nowadays, it is also a popular symbol of the city of Jerusalem on souvenirs (keychains, etc.). But also there is the cross outside Jerusalem at many churches around the area of ??the former Kingdom of Jerusalem, especially in Maronite churches and monasteries in Lebanon.